People who proclaim they don’t like sparkling wine often say they don’t because they’ve tried one type, not liked it and think sparkling wines are all the same. That couldn’t be further from the truth and there’s a massive amount of variety that exists within sparkling wines.
Sparkling wine is a broad term that encompasses any wine that has bubbles within it. The main differences that affect the taste of sparkling wines are the location of where the grapes come from and the types of grapes that are used.
Prosecco is one of the most well-known and popular types of sparkling wine. Prosecco comes from the north east of Italy, specifically from a region called Veneto and is made using a grape called glera.
The main difference between prosecco and champagne, other than the types of grapes and the location is the fermentation process. Prosecco goes through a second fermentation process in tanks and then it is bottled under pressure.
Champagne has always been known as the luxury sparkling wine, as it has been a popular choice with royalty for several hundred years. Only sparkling wine made in the Champagne region of France may be called champagne and there are strict regulations on this.
Champagne goes through a secondary fermentation process that, called methode champenoise which involves the wine fermenting in bottles over a period of time while the bottle is rotated and tipped for maximum flavour.
Moet is the best-selling champagne in the world, so if you’re not sure what to buy, then it’s a very good place to start!
Cava comes from Spain and can be made using a variety of different grapes, including chardonnay, pinot noir, macabeu, parellada and xarel-lo.
Although cava is generally at a price point that’s similar to that of prosecco, it’s more similar to champagne in terms of it’s production. Like champagne, it goes through a secondary fermentation process that happens in the bottle.
Sparkling wine isn’t just limited to prosecco, champagne and cava. Most regions that produce wine also produce sparkling varieties and there are lots of varieties that are becoming more and more popular like cremant.